Gov. Perdue’s Budget Proposal Highlights

Hoping to read Gov. Perdue’s 2011-2012 Budget Proposal in it’s entirety? If so….



For everyone else,  here are the highlights of the Gov’s $19.9 billion budget:

Taxes, Reserves or Salaries:

  • extend 0.75 cents of the temporary penny sales tax for another two years: $827 million.
  • reduce corporate income tax rate from 6.9 percent to 4.9 percent: -$115 million.
  • repeal law giving portion of corporate income tax for public school construction: $72 million.
  • provide unemployment insurance tax credit for 135,000 small businesses: -$65 million.
  • no salary increases for state employees, teachers.
  • cover expected 7.1 percent premium increase for state employee health insurance plan: $117.1 million.
  • require state employees on more generous health insurance plan to pay $21.50-per-month premium for individual coverage: -$89 million.
  • provide $10,000-$20,000 incentive bonus for eligible workers to retire, allocated in limited amounts throughout state government.
  • set aside $75 million from year-end credit balance for repairs, renovations of government buildings.
  • contribute more to state retirement system: $115 million.
  • severance reserve for laid-off state workers: $30 million.
  • rainy-day reserve fund: $150 million.
  • set aside $25 million from year-end credit balance to help local governments and nonprofits interested in consolidating or regionalizing services.

Public Education (K-12):

  • require local school district to pay for workers’ compensation claims: -$34.7 million.
  • make payments of tort claims a local responsibility: -$4.6 million.
  • reduce allotment for local central office staff by 10 percent, potentially eliminating 140 positions: -$10.8 million.
  • reduce instructional support allotment by 5 percent, potentially eliminating 290 positions: -$23 million.
  • reduce school building administration funds by 7.5 percent, potentially eliminating 380 positions: -$24.6 million.
  • 35 percent allotment reduction for textbooks: -$40 million.
  • reduce allotment to districts for custodial and clerical positions by 15 percent, or 1,700 positions: -$59.6 million.
  • reduce school bus transportation allotment by 10 percent, or potentially 1,900 positions: -$40.3 million.
  • make school bus replacement a local responsibility: -$56.9 million.
  • direct 10 percent reduction in Department of Public Instruction, or 40 positions: -$4.4 million.
  • eliminate dropout prevention grants: -$13 million.
  • pay for instruction supplies and positions to teach an extra 5,323 students in 2011-12 school year: $38.3 million.

University of North Carolina System:

  • direct University of North Carolina system to reduce combined spending in operating budget by 9.5 percent, with 1,900 positions to be eliminated, partially offset by tuition increases: -$252.6 million.
  • reduce legislative aid to residents who attend private college by 6.5 percent: -$12.2 million.
  • reduce 25 percent charity care subsidy to UNC Hospitals: -$11 million.
  • operation and maintenance of new system building coming online next year, including 283 positions: $18.5 million.
  • pay for instruction of additional 2,337 students in 2011-12 school year: $23.3 million.
  • consolidate research stations and farms at N.C. State University: $8.7 million.
  • use N.C. Education Lottery Funds to help pay for need-based financial aid: $34.9 million.

Community Colleges:

  • eliminate eight specialized centers and programs: -$3.8 million.
  • raise tuition by $5.50 per credit hour, or $176 per year: -$25.3 million.
  • direct 3 percent reduction in state aid budget to community college system, with as many as 620 position eliminated: -$32.3 million.
  • pay for instruction of additional 9,712 full-time equivalent students in 2011-12 school year: $17.9 million.

Health and Human Services:

  • find efficiencies in department budget to reduce 25 positions: -$1 million.
  • reduce Smart Start early childhood initiative by 10 percent: -$9.4 million.
  • create up to 5.5 percent assessment on hospital and other Medicaid providers as a way to draw down more federal funds: -$60.2 million.
  • adjusting Medicaid provide reimbursement rates, for private duty nursing, imaging and ultrasounds: -$8.4 million.
  • modify Medicaid pharmacy services to find efficiencies: -$15.9 million.
  • modify optional and mandatory Medicaid services: -$16.5 million.
  • set aside $75 million in year-end credit balance for mental health trust fund.
  • reduce administrative funds to operate local mental health management offices: -$3.3 million.

Justice and Public Safety:

  • consolidate Departments of Juvenile Justice, Correction and Crime Control and Public Safety into one Department of Public Safety. Sixty positions would be eliminated.
  • reduce administrative functions in judicial branch by 16 percent, or 54 positions: -$9.1 million.
  • reduce funds for family and drug treatment courts, dispute resolution and other programs: -$1.9 million.
  • reduce courthouse operations expenses by 1 percent, or 71 positions: -$3.3 million.
  • shift requirement that sheriffs check whereabouts of registered sex offenders by first-class mail, not certified mail: -$93,000.
  • close Woodson Wilderness Camp for juvenile offenders, eliminate 20 positions: -$970,000.
  • close Swannanoa Youth Development Center, affecting 26 positions: -$1.4 million.
  • eliminate 77 correction positions: -$2.9 million.
  • find $12.4 million in savings, eliminate 237 positions from Justice Reinvestment recommendations.
  • fund operations and staffing for four new prisons, including 280 positions: $10 million.

Natural and Economic Resources:

  • merge Employment Security Commission into Department of Commerce, resulting in 53 position eliminations.
  • close welcome centers two days a week, privatize them in 2012-13 fiscal year: -$600,000
  • One North Carolina Fund economic incentives initiative: $10 million.
  • Job Maintenance and Capital Development Program: $8.5 million.
  • direct reductions at Department of Agriculture at agency’s discretion: -$5.2 million.
  • reduce Department of Environment and Natural Resources by 68 positions, largely in permitting offices: -$418,000.
  • close Rendezvous and Turnbull Creek educational state forests due to low attendance: -$131,000.
  • reduce Division of Parks and Recreation budget by 10 percent, requiring most parks to close two days a week: -$3.1 million.
  • matching money for clean and drinking water revolving funds: $14.5 million.
  • Clean Water Management Trust Fund: -$50 million.


  • reduce public transportation, aviation and ferry funds: -$6.9 million.
  • repair, replace and maintain ferry vessels: -$2.1 million.

Other state agencies:

  • consolidate Department of Administration, State Controller’s Office, Office of Information Technology Services and Office of State Personnel into a new Department of Administration and Management, reducing 21 positions and other human resources jobs.
  • delay filling intern positions at the General Assembly: -$1.25 million.
  • eliminate four positions from the Officer of the Governor: -$433,000.
  • purchase land buffers for military installations: $1 million.
  • reduce six positions in State Auditor’s Office: -$784,000.
  • increase Department of Insurance company and insurance adjuster licensing fees: -$4.5 million.
  • pay for new Department of Revenue tax computer system: $3 million.
  • reduce grants for arts, libraries, NC Symphony by 10 percent: -$2.3 million.
  • consolidate, reduce management layers at North Carolina State Library, eliminating nine positions: -$500,000.
  • centralize human resources functions, cutting 92 positions: -$2.8 million.


Source: Office of State Budget and Management.


The Governor wants you to “Balance the Budget with Charlie”






Under the Dome put together the Education highlights from the Gov’s ‘State of the State’…

Check It Out Here

Governor Perdue’s Education Budget Recommendations:

Major Recommendations: Public Education

Career and College – Ready, Set, Go!

Governor Perdue’s budget provides resources to meet individual student needs and to ensure that students graduate prepared for a career, 2-year or 4-year college, or technical training. Major budget recommendations are:

Provide $39 million for diagnostics in grades K-3 and 5 to ensure that basic deficiencies in reading and math are addressed before students move to middle school.

Provide $1.4 million recurring for diagnos tics in reading, writing, science, and math in grades 8 and 11. The State Board of Educa tion shall maximize the use of federal funds to implement an academic boot camp to address basic deficiencies and ensure that students graduate college and career ready.

Implement the funding formula adopted by the State Board of Education for the North Carolina Virtual Public School. This supports an estimated 25% enrollment growth and an average student course enrollment cost of $324.

Provide an LEA flexibility reduction to be allocated based upon average daily member ship. LEAs shall use federal funds, including funds received from the federal recovery act as well as teacher attrition to mitigate this reduction.

Budget $36.6 million in additional lottery receipts to support K-3 class size.

Reduce the central office appropriation by 5% and the assistant principal appropriation by $8.9 million.

Reduce the Department of Public Instruc tion’s budget by $11 million and 36 positions.


Perdue videos tout her budget fight – N&O

Under the Dome article here

Pearce on Education


Last week I blogged that Governor Perdue was doing a better job than her poll numbers suggest. But I’m starting to think she’s snake-bit.
Her signature action, her big bold idea of appointing a state education CEO, got thrown out by a judge. Now Bill Harrison has graciously retreated from the battlefield.
Predictably, well-meaning editorial writers suggest that the governor fight the good fight and spend what little political capital she has changing the education governance system.
That would be dumb. That’s about nothing but process. And she would probably lose. Read my lips: Voters are not going to give up their right to vote for the state superintendent.

You can see the attack lines: “Let the Governor appoint the head of the schools? Like how Mike Easley appointed the head of the N.C. State Trustees?”
So what does she do now?
Here’s a suggestion: Come up with a big idea that is about education, not governance.
Like Jim Hunt’s Smart Start or raising teacher pay to the national average (whichNorth Carolina did in the 90s).
Something substantive that gets people’s toes tapping, something that would actually improve the quality of education.
Yes, education governance is a disaster in North Carolina. Always has been. Maybe always will be.
So it was for Governor Hunt. Back in the 1970s, he had to resolve a running feud between the Superintendent (Craig Phillips) and the Chairman of the Board of Education (Dallas Herring). Hunt replaced Herring.
Then Hunt’s arch-enemy, Lt. Governor Jimmy Green, tried to get himself elected board chairman. Hunt beat that.
When Hunt came back in 1992, Bob Etheridge was state superintendent. Hunt didn’t really care. He had his own education priorities, and he made them the state’s priorities.
Perdue has now wasted her first six months on a losing cause. It’s time to find something progressive – and popular – to fight for.


Summary of July State Board of Education Agenda

July 9, 2009

The State Board of Education was held on July 9, 2009 beginning at 1:30 PM. This meeting was conducted by conference call. The Board Committees did not meet this month.

Thursday, July 9, 2009

1:30 PM State Board of Education Meeting, Dr. Bill Harrison, Chairman

Call to Order,

Roll Call

Approval of Minutes

Globally Competitive Students


  • GCS 1 Academic Scholars Program Approved The Academic Scholars Program was revised to align with the Future-Ready Core Graduation Requirements, approved in September 2008, for students entering ninth grade for the first time in 2009-2010. The revision made includes two options: 1) Cumulative GPA to 3.500 (Un-weighted) and three additional credits of higher level courses (courses carrying five or six quality points) taken during junior and/or senior year. The second option includes: 2) two additional credits of higher level courses (courses carrying five or six quality points) taken during junior and/or senior years and completion of The NC Graduation Project. These are the two options that the Board will consider including in approving their revision of the Academic Scholars Program. A copy of the chart is available upon request from this office.

Board Meeting: The motion to approve was made by Ms. Taft. No further discussion was necessary.

  • GCS 2 AIG Program Standards Approved the recommendation to adopt the North Carolina AIG Program Standards, and directs DPI to develop a review process of local AIG programs, which supports continuous program improvement of local AIG programs and plans based on a body-of-evidence; and directs DPI to ensure that the State Auditor’s recommendations are being integrated into State practices and policies. The State Board of Education discussed adoption of new North Carolina AIG Standards. Last year the program was audited by the State Auditor and as a result DPI agreed to the following; DPI shall develop a review process of local AIG programs, which support continuous program improvement of local AIG programs and plans based on a body-of-evidence; and DPI shall ensure that these recommendations are integrated into state practices and policies. The AIG Program Standards have been developed to serve as a statewide framework for local AIG programs and will guide LEAs to develop, coordinate, and implement thoughtful and comprehensive AIG programs. These standards will convey expectations for quality local AIG programs and services, guide the development, revisions and monitoring of local AIG programs, articulate best practices for local AIG programs, provide a guide for personnel and professional development, promote strong partnerships and communication between and among home, school, and community and serve as a vehicle for continuous program improvement and accountability.

Board Meeting: There was no further discussion on this item.

21st Century Professionals Committee


  • TCP 1 State Evaluation Committee Teacher Education Program and Alternative Lateral Entry Program Approval Recommendations Approved the following programs: Campbell University, Elizabeth City State University, and UNC-Chapel Hill. Alternative programs for lateral entry are also included for Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools’ Career and Technical Education Lateral Entry Program and Mt. Olive College Lateral Entry Program.

Board Meeting: No further discussion. Ms. Green was recused from the discussion.

Moved to Action on First Reading

  • TCP 2Elementary Mathematics Add-On License Approved the university designed add-on license for elementary math teachers. The proposed program is an online graduate-level program of study focused on the mathematical knowledge needed for successfully teaching mathematics at the elementary level.

Board Meeting: A brief explanation of the program was presented. The program development by the universities is nearing completion and should be ready for the Fall semester and will consist of six graduate on-line courses. The discussion included concerns regarding the number of teachers that would be interested in participating in the program and the possibility of offering financial incentives. Title II funds could be used for this purpose. Board member Kevin Howell was recused from this discussion.

Business/Finance and Advocacy Committee Meeting

Action and Discussion Agenda

  • TCS 1 Governor’s School Board of Governors Approved the appointment of Jim Hard (President of the North Carolina Governors’ School Alumni Association) to complete a current term ending on June 30, 2011. The State Board also approved the re-appointment of Daniel Turner (WCPSS Staff) to a second term ending June 30, 2011 and individuals listed below representing Districts 5, 4, and 8.The following information has been included since the meeting in June: Dr. Mitch Simpson from District 5 to serve as at-large member. Dr. Simpson, Senior Pastor of University Baptist Church in Chapel Hill, and is a Governor’s School alumnus; Nancy Armstrong, AIG Consulting Teachers from District 4 to fulfill the teacher representative vacancy; and Dr. Anne Garrett, Superintendent of Haywood County Schools from District 8 to fulfill the superintendent vacancy.

Board Meeting: There was no further discussion on this item.  The State Board of Education Office is still seeking qualified nominees from District 2.


  • TCS 2 QZAB/OSCB Bond Administration Approved the recommendation for the State Board of Education to grant authority to administer QZAB and OSCB programs to the School Planning Section of the School Support Division. The School Planning Section will allot bonding authority to the LEAs and report allotments to the SBE.

Board Meeting: No further discussion.

Contract Update

Contracts over $25,000 – 3 Proposals

Contracts under $25,000 – 6 Proposals

Leadership for Innovation Committee

Action and Discussion Agenda

  • LFI 1 Standardization of Waiver/Exemption List for Cooperative Innovative High School Program Application Approved the routine waiver exemptions to become a part of the application process. The State Board Chairman will be authorized to approve these routine waivers for LEAs that are opening innovative programs and not require Board Approval. In most cases, the exemptions requested are routine. SBE Waiver ID descriptions are classified as CA-1, CA-2 for waivers requested in accordance with the Calendar Bill, P-1 and P-2 specify waivers for personnel, CU-1 relates to routine waiver with curriculum, and TST-1, TST-2.

Board Meeting: No further discussion.

  • LFI 2 Preliminary Approval of New Charter Schools PULLED FROM THE AGENDA The Office of Charter Schools recommends the LFI Committee present three applicants to receive preliminary charters to the SBE for Action at the July 2009 meeting. There are three openings for new schools at the beginning of the 2009-2010 school years. Seven applicants have been interviewed by the LFI Committee. They are: Bear Grass Charter School, Duplin Charter School, Henderson Collegiate, Lake Lure Classical Academy, McKinney Academy Charter School, Mountain Island Charter School and New Bern International Academy. The Committee discussed the underline schools as a recommendation, but there was some disagreement so the Board will take Action this month on the final three (whomever). There were no applicants selected from Wake County.


  • LFI 3 Charter Termination of PreEminent Charter School PULLED FROM THE AGENDA The Department of Public Instruction recommends termination of PreEminent’s Charter as of July 9, 2009. Renewal requirements for PreEminent to retain its charter were stated in a letter dated February 6, 2009.  The charter school shall meet or exceed expected growth in the next two consecutive academic years (2008-09 and 2009-2010). Failure to meet this growth for any reason will subject PreEminent Charter Schools’s Charter to be revoked. PreEminent has been below 50 percent proficient four years in a row.

Superintendent’s Report

Dr. June Atkinson reported to the Board some of the preliminary results on the test analysis regarding retesting. In some instances gains of 5 to 10 percent increases were made in test scores. District gains in science for 2008-09 increased from 54.9 percent to 73.4 percent in Grade 5 and 63.7 percent to 72.3 percent for Grade 8. In Grades 3-8, the unofficial End-of-Grade Reading results for the Districts increased from 62.1 percent to 72.9 percent and Math increased from 75.4 percent and 83.4 percent. The GCS Committee will continue to monitor the retesting issue. The slide presentation also included mapping for the 2007-2008 Graduation Rates color-coded by school or LEA. Dr. Atkinson also indicated that the Career-Ready Commission had met and the minutes/summary of the meeting can be accessed on line at:

Chairman’s Remarks

Halifax County Update: Dr. Garland presented an update on the progress of the initiatives for the upcoming school year. Dr. Harrison, Dr. Ashley and Mrs. Brooks met with the Superintendent and Board Chair, interviews were held with Davie and Southeast Halifax principals regarding recruitment and retention, financial assistance was provided to review the 2009-2010 budget in anticipation of developing a balanced budget and professional development for central office, administrator and instruction staff has been scheduled. A stipend of $1,000 was provided for each teacher that registered for the professional development sessions. In addition, the basic skills test is complete for all Grade 2 students.

Update on the Framework for Change: Currently approximately 4,200 responses from stakeholders regarding the standards are under review and a report will be made to the Board at the August or September meeting. Work is underway on the new standards for Social Studies, P.E. Health, Art, Language Arts and English. However, the work on the K-5 Science Standards is currently on hold. Board members voiced strong support for the work done so far.

Legislative Update: Briefly reported on the work of the General Assembly this week on the budget issues and the Governors tax proposal. Several bills of importance were discussed and the need for another Continuing Resolution next week. Lt. Governor Dalton commented on the tax proposal submitted by the Governor and the urgency of passing the budget. State Treasurer, Janet Cowell, briefly commented on the study being done on scholarships and student loans. Board member Durham encouraged the members to talk with their legislators to protect education.

Dr. Harrison indicated that in light of the recent events regarding the budget, the Board Planning Session scheduled for August should be postponed until September. The members agreed to the delay. The ABC/AYP results will be scheduled for discussion at the August Board meeting.



Budget writers didn’t work all weekend and returned to Raleigh on Monday to try and work again, but the Senate did not meet with the House and so after two rescheduled meetings the House caucused and then went to Session, where they passed the Continuing Resolution and left for the evening. The House made a series of changes to the Senate CR (SB 311), including the expiration date, of July 15th. Tuesday the House and Senate budget chairs had not scheduled to meet and then all of a sudden notice went out and they convened at 10:45 AM. They reviewed the latest offer from the Senate on the appropriations package, but they were still very far apart on how to finance the budget. The Senate wants to tax services and social security and on and on, while the House is content to increase the Sales Tax and Income Tax. The House rejected the Senate’s latest appropriation’s offer and they left to return at 1:30 PM. The House met briefly and then again after Session, but stopped meeting around 6:00 PM, without much progress. The Senate had agreed earlier in the day to pass the CR with the changes from the House, including the July 15th expiration date. The July 4th holiday weekend is approaching and it will be interesting to see if they plan to meet or go home. Rumor has it the Senate has suggested they meet; the House on the other hand, had not committed to staying.

Wednesday began with House Finance and Senate Education Committee meetings. Several bills passed in Senate Education though they did get bogged down on the second to last bill and finally adjourned. Meanwhile, the House and Senate Appropriations Chairs continued meeting to finalize their budget targets. They were hoping to spend some time reviewing all the individual subcommittee budgets and special provisions again, but that never happened. The majority of the public school funding cuts that were agreed to by the conferees last week are still part of the budget. The Central Administration cut that escalated last week has been trimmed down and we are hoping that it will not be substantially more than the original cut of $9 million, initially proposed by the Education Conferees. There was talk of a tiered cut to Central Administration, that would impact the larger school systems more than the smaller ones. We are continuing to work on the bus tort claims issue, but may not know about that until early next week. The Senate has also been pushing hard to put more funding in the Universities allotment. On Wednesday afternoon, after Session, the House and Senate budget writers continued to meet to reach agreement on the major issues, including the subcommittee final targets. A disagreement arose when the Senate brought the House their final offer, while the House budget chairs had sent their “final offer” earlier in the day. The House balked at yet another option by the Senate and refused to accept the Senate proposal and the Senate walked away from the negotiations. When Senate convened, later that day, they also removed all the House bills from their calendar and adjourned their Session quickly.

On Thursday, the news media was reporting on the Governor’s call for the legislators to finish the budget. She told them every day without a budget was costing the State $5 million in lost revenue (based on projected new taxes). There were several committee meetings, but no budget meetings. The House Budget Chairs met briefly by themselves, but that was it. The Senate convened at 11:00 AM and by the time the House convened at 1:00 PM the Senate had left for the Holiday weekend with no plans to return to work until Tuesday and so the House finished their business and adjourned as well. Speaker Hackney announced the Finance Chairs would meet Thursday afternoon to try and reconcile their differences, but talk earlier in the day was “it’s impossible.” Right now it’s like watching a train running down the track with hundreds of stops and starts. You keep hoping it will get a head of steam and keep going until it reaches its destination. Will we have a budget by July 15th.  Right now it’s anyone’s guess?  What’s yours?

House Committees:

Appropriations Subcommittee on Education

SB 689 Modify DPI/SBE Reporting Requirements Favorable Report and sent to the House Floor.

Name Changed to Modify DPI Reporting Requirements/Building Code/High School

Appropriations/Justice and Public  Safety

HB 1268 Eminent Domain Favorable Report to PCS.

Education-Meeting Cancelled until Tuesday July 7

SB 1069 Joining Our Business and Schools Commission


HB 1134 Open Government Act The bill was reviewed by Representative Ross. One person spoke in favor and two against. A vote was not taken on the bill and it will be heard again in Finance next week.

Judiciary I

SB 962 Probationary Teacher Appeal Favorable Report to PCS. There was a small change. Subsection (8) was deleted since it was not needed. There were many questions and some concerns about passing this bill, but the vote was 10-2 and it heads to the House floor next week.

Senate Committees:

Education/Higher Education

HB 187 Encourage Policies to Facilitate Graduation Pulled by the bill sponsor.

HB 385 Public School Activity Bus use/Stecoah Valley Center Favorable Report as amended.

HB 661 City Managers on School Boards Not Heard

HB 804 Amend law RE: Personal Education Plans Favorable Report as amended. There were two amendments one by Senator McKissick and one by Senator Rand. They both made positive changes to the bill.

HB 1078 Report School Violence to LEA Office Displaced After lengthy discussion, the Committee ran out of time and adjourned. The bill will be placed on the calendar next week. There was concern over the notice time of two days. NCASA is working to make some changes to the bill.

HB 1471 Counties and Schools Share P.E. Equipment Not Heard


HB 1287 Recycle Products Containing Mercury Rescheduled for July 8.

SB 32 Employers Must Use Federal E-Verify Program Not Heard Calendared for next week.


HB 205 Lottery Act Changes Rescheduled for July 8.

Judiciary I

HB 81 Notice of Special/Emergency Meetings Favorable Report

HB 1255 Sex Offenders/Permanent No Contact Order No Vote. There were three technical amendments and the bill will be voted on next week.

HB 1433 Clarify Volunteer Immunity/AED Not Heard

State and Local Government

HB 1452 Local Government Code of Ethics Favorable Report as amended and sent to the Senate Floor.

House Floor:

HB 79 Extend School Formula Study Committee Concurred to Senate Committee Substitute and sent to the Governor.

SB 311 Continuing Budget Authority Passed second and third reading and sent to the Senate.

SB 689 Modify DPI Reporting Requirements/Building Code/High School Passed second and third reading and returned to the Senate for concurrence.

Senate Floor:

SB 1019 Establish NC Financial Literacy Council Passed second and third reading and sent to the Governor.

HB 535 Health Insurance Coverage/Lymphedema Calendared for July 8.

SB 311 Continuing Budget Authority Concurred House Committee Substitute and Ratified.

HB 1329 Consolidate Expunction Statutes Calendared for July 8.

HB 1452 Local Government Code of Ethics Calendared for July 8.

Bills in Committees Next Week

SB 65 Amend Computer Solicitation of Child

HB 1078 Report School Violence to LEA Office

HB 187 Encourage Policies to Facilitate Graduation

HB 582 Special Education Changes

HB 661 City Managers on School Boards

HB 1471 Counties and Schools Share P.E Equipment

SJR 1106 Honor Vernon Malone

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